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Sri Ramakrishna 's Life in Pictures (Painting)

Sri Sarada Devi's Life in Pictures
( Paintings)

Swami Vivekananda's Life in Pictures (Painting)

CELEBRATION OF THE 150th BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF SISTER NIVEDITA (2017-2018)

 

1. The 150th Birth Anniversary year extends from October 2017 to October 2018.

2. The unique greatness of Nivedita’s personality as a true nationalist, a spiritual giant, a dedicated life to the cause of Swamiji, a great rejuvenator of national culture, her advocacy of the cause of Indian women, etc need to be highlighted in the programmes of the Celebration.

3. The formal Opening Ceremony of the Celebration of the 150th Birth Anniversary will be held at Swamiji’s Ancestral House, Kolkata, in October 2017 and the formal Concluding Ceremony of the Celebration will be held at Ramakrishna Mission Saradapitha, Belur, in 2018.

Oath-taking

  • I believe that India is one, indissoluble, indivisible.
  • National unity is built on the common home, the common interest and common love.
  • I believe that the present of India is deep-rooted in her past, and that before her shines a glorious future.
  • Ramakrishna- Vivekananda - these two lives are the unity of India. All that is necessary is that India should keep them in her heart.

Reading from the Sister’s Works

The whole task now is to give the word ‘nationality’ to India, in all its breadth and meaning. The rest will do itself. India must be obsessed by this great conception. ...It means new views of history, of customs, and it means the assimilation of the whole Ramakrishna idea in religion, the syntheses of all religious ideas. It means a final understanding of the fact that the political process and economic disaster are only side issues – that the one essential fact is realization of its own nationality by the Nation.

O Nationality, come thou to me as joy or sorrow, as honour or as shame! Make me thine own!
Great literatures have to be created in each of the vernaculars. These literatures must voice the past, translate the present, forecast the future. Throughout the world the women are the guardians of humanity’s ethical ideals.

Can we not cultivate in our children and ourselves a vast compassion? This compassion will make us eager to know the sorrows of all men, the griefs of our land and the dangers to which in these modern days the religion is exposed; and this growing knowledge will produce strong workers, working for work’s sake, ready to die, if only they may serve their country and fellow-men.

No matter what may be the particular line of action adopted by a person, we must honour as a national hero, if only he shows his earnest devotion by real work, by actual sacrifice to the cause of the country.

Sister Nivedita (Margaret E. Noble) in Madras Presidency

(Ref book: Title: SISTER NIVEDITA OF Ramakrishna - Vivekananda, by PravrajikaAtmaprana, Published by: Sister Nivedita Girls’ School, 5 Nivedita Lane, Calcutta -3, Third Edition, October 1977).

  1. 3 Feb 1902 - First visit to Madras with Mrs. Ole Bull and Mr. R. C. Dutt.  A public reception at the Mahajana Sabha Hall.  Mr. G. SubramanyaIyer, sometime editor of The Hindu, read the welcome address.  Nivedita addressed the vast audience.  “Your national customs require no apology.  Stand by them....”. Letter of Swami Vivekananda dt. Feb 10  “received a copy of a Madras Journal...  delighted me exceedingly….  Her speech was indeed beautiful.”  (Pp.132-33).
  2. Reached Madras again on 19 Dec 1902 and stayed with Swami Ramakrishnananda at Castle Kernan.  She was accompanied by Swami Sadananda and BrahmacharinAmulya, later Swami Sankarananda, the seventh President of Ramakrishna Order (pp. 151)    
  1. Nivedita spoke on ‘The Unity of India’ at the Pachaiyappa’s Hall on Dec 20, 1902 Lecture arranged by the Young Men’s Hindu Association.  Prof. M. Rangacharya proposed vote of thanks. (pp.152)
  2. Open letter to the Hindu ladies which was published in The Hindu on Dec 24,  1902 (pp.154).
  1. Vivekananda Societies at various places throughout the Presidency (pp. 156)
  2. 21 Dec 1902 Lecture under the auspices of the Komaleswarampet Progressive Union at the Raja Sir AnnamalaiMudaliar Free Reading Room Hall. (pp. 156)
  3. 22 Dec, talk on ‘Saints of the East and the West.’ (pp. 156)
  4. 23 Dec Conversational meeting at the Young Men’s Association, Mylapore. (pp. 156)
  5. 24 Dec, Conversational meeting at Chintadripet Literary Society at H.M. Maharaja Vijayanagaram’s Girls’ School. (pp. 156)
  6. 26 Dec - Lecture on ‘The New Message’ under the auspices of the Triplicane Literary Society in Pachhayiappa’s Hall.  (pp. 156)
  7. 27 & 28 - Conversational meetings. (pp. 157)
  8. 30 DecNivedita left for Conjeevaram.  Reception at the railway station: Conversation on Dharma according to the Hindu Scriptures. (pp. 157)
  9. 31 Dec Lecture at ConjeevaramPachhaiyappa’s High School at 8.00 am - left for Madras same evening. (pp. 157)
  10. Jan 1903 - Trichinopoli, Salem(Dharmapuri), Chidambaram. (pp 271) (Reference: The Dedicated: A Biography of Nivedita by LizelleReymond,  The John Day Company, New York, 1953, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number : 52-12681) Available in website <vivekananda.net> Frank Parlato Jr.
  11. Sister Nivedita in Salem  (Reference SagodariNiveditai (in Tamil)  by Swami Chidbhavananda, Sri Ramakrishna Tapovanam, Tirupparaithurai,  pp.111 and 129 - 130)

She visited Vivekananda Society, Dharmapuri; at that time Dharmapuri was part of Salem District.

  1. She visited Salem - Ref: Studies from an Eastern Home by SisiterNivedita (Margaret E.Noble) with a prefatory Memoir by S.K.Ratcliffe published by Longmans, Green and Co, London, Bombay, Calcutta.

The Chapter on The Indian Ash: or tree of healing (p.130)
I have even seen it in the extreme south, in a beautiful glen near Salem. There the tree stood, in a sacred enclosure, shut in by a massive wall of grey stone some five or six feet in height. Under it a pot was buried, bottom upwards, making a dome-shaped object, and here and there around the little court were tiny boat-shaped lamps for ceremonial lighting.

  1. 20 Jan 1903 - Swami Vivekananda’s Birthday - first public Celebrations at the Castle Kernan, Nivedita attended the worship the whole morning.  500 people were fed “Swamiji& Sri Ramakrishna  - These two lives are the unity of India” in her letter dt. 21 Jan 1903 - Nivedita left Madras. (pp. 157 - 58) Sister Nivedita by PravrajikaAtmaprana

16 Vivekananda Societies in the Madras Presidency

  1. Vivekananda Sangham, Vaniyambadi - C. Venkataswami Naidu
  2. Vivekananda Society, Nikundi - Ramachandra Rao
  3. Vivekananda Society,  Arasampatti - S. Rama Rao
  4. Vivekananda Society, Barur - S. SubramaniyaAiyer
  5. Vivekananda Society, Krishnagiri - B. Raja Rao The Brahamavadin - Vol VII– November 1901
  6. Vivekananda Society, Dharmapuri - DG.Munuswami Naidu (Reference : The Brahamavadin, 1901) Vivekananda Town Hall, 1901, Dharmapuri (PrabuddhaBharata - No.63 - October 1901), Vivekananda Sangam, Dharmapuri (PrabuddhaBharata 1913)
  7. Sri Ramakrishna Samaj, Salem
  8. Vivekananda Vidya Ashrama, Salem (Reference: The PrabuddhaBharata, pp. 71, 72,  1919, )
  9. Cuddalore (Reference : Tamil Book Title: RamakrishnarIyakkamumTamilnadum by Pe. Su. Mani, PoongodiPathippakam 14 Chittiraikulam West Street, Mylapore, Chennai-600004 First Edition: June,1990,  Second edition: April 1992 Rs. 65/-)
  10. Vivekananda Sangam, Nattarampalli (PrabuddhaBharata August 1912)

  1. Sister Nivedita passed away on 13 October 1911 at Darjeeling. Our branch centre : Ramakrishna Mission, Nivedita Educational & Cultural Centre, Roy Villa, Lebong Cart Road, Near Tenzing Rock, P.O. North Point, Darjeeling - 734 104. Ph.0354 - 227 0777. email:

The National flag designed by Sister Nivedita

The first national flag was created in 1904 by Sister Nivedita, disciple of Swami Vivekananda. It had red color signifying struggle, yellow signifying victory and VandeMataram written in Bengali in the center. Later, Nivedita reformed effectively by adding blue color that signifies independence.

… Selfless Man is the Thunderbolt. Let us strive only for selflessness, and we become the weapon in the hands of the gods. Not for us to ask how. Not for us to plan methods. For us, it is only to lay ourselves down at the altar-foot.

Sister Nivedita explained: ‘when someone renounces all his possessions for the good of mankind, he becomes as powerful as a thunderbolt, and performs divinely ordained tasks. The supreme ideal of India is renunciation, so the thunderbolt should be the national emblem of India.’

The thunderbolt reminded Nivedita of Dadhichi’s tale of self-sacrifice. Dadhichi voluntarily cast off his body for the need of the gods. The gods killed their enemy - the demon Vritrasura, using the thunderbolt made of his bone. Nivedita designed the national flag of India with the thunderbolt as the emblem. Later, to honour the desire of Nivedita, Jagadish Chandra Bose engraved the image of thunderbolt on the top of ‘BasuVijnanMandir’.

CHRONOLOGY

1867, 28 October :Born in the small town of Dungannon, Tyrone Province, North Ireland.
1877:Death of father, Reverend Samuel Richmond Noble. 1884 : Successfully completed the last examination of the University and took up teaching at Keswick.
1895, November:First meeting with Swami Vivekananda.
1898, 28 January:Landed on the soil of India (Calcutta).
22 February:First visit to Dakshineshwar and attended Belur Math for the birth anniversary of Sri Ramakrishna.
11 March:First public speech in India at the Star Theatre.
17 March:First darshan (sight) of the Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi.
25 March :Margaret Noble formally initiated in the vow of Brahmacharya by Swami Vivekananda and named NIVEDITA.
11 May:Went to North India with Swamiji and others. 2 August : Visited Amarnath with Swamiji. 13 November : Opening of Nivedita's school at 16 Bosepara Lane by the Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi.
1899:Plague broke out in epidemic form in Calcutta. Under advice of Swami Vivekananda, Nivedita engaged herself in fighting it with full dedication
20 June:With Swamiji and others left for the West.
1902 February:Return to India
2 July:Nivedita's last meeting with Swamiji (at Belur Math)
4 July  :Swamiji left his mortal body in Mahasamadhiyoga
21 September:Taking the theme of 'Nation Making', started touring India, giving lectures
1903 September:The book, The Web of Indian Life, was published
1904:Journey to Bodh Gaya.
1905:In Bengal, Swadeshi Movement started.
 :Participated in Kashi Congress.
1906:Death of `Gopaler Ma', Went to East Bengal ravaged by flood and famine for relief work. Became seriously ill on account of brain-fever.
1907 September:Revisited the West.
1909 July:Return to India.
1910, 1 February:Her famous book on Swamiji, The Master as I saw Him, was published.
June:Pilgrimage to KedarBadri and other shrines with the J.C. Bose family.
1911, 13 October:Left the mortal plane at Darjeeling.

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17, Ramakrishna Road
Salem - 636 007

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